As a woodworker there are many things that must be considered such as what tools are used, how to cut the right wood for the best results, how to sand the right way, and also how to do the best finishing.
Every step is related to getting quality handicrafts. One of the steps that have often been underestimated is sanding. Even though without a good sanding stage, you will not get even furniture finishing results. Underestimating the sanding process will result in poor results be it by machine or by hand. You have to study this problem so that later you don't get into trouble when finishing.
In this article, we will discuss how you should sand properly and what various sanding problems often arise.
Frequent Problems With Poor Sanding Methods
Sanding wood is not a fun stage in a wood project. However, if you apply it the right way, you will get very different results.
Here are some mistakes that beginners often make, especially when sanding them. Whether it's sanding furniture that has been finished before or the problems that arise when sanding wood for the first time.
The Wrong Type Of Sandpaper
The problem that often arises is because beginners do not know the type of sandpaper and what number of sandpaper to use. So when preparing wood or when sanding between layers of paint it causes damage.
When sanding between paints, some use sandpaper no. 240, the result is that the finish does not become smooth and actually becomes rough because it leaves a lot of sandpaper on the paint surface. The sandpaper scratches will be very obvious and will cause damage to the top layer. You must learn the type and number of sandpaper before using it. In addition, if you don't use the right type of sandpaper, it can be wasteful of time and wasteful of money.
Pressing The Sandpaper By Hand
When sanding by hand, be careful as the wood surface can be bumpy. You may have used the correct type and number of sandpaper. However, because pressing using your fingers actually causes the sanding to create a bumpy surface instead of flat.
The solution is to use a wooden block which is then wrapped around the wood surface. So no matter how hard your pressure is on the wood surface, it will still not cause waves.
Wrong Sanding Direction
When you are sanding either by hand or using a machine, the mistake is not paying attention to the grain of the wood you are sanding. You are standing in the opposite direction of the fiber. As a result, you will get a rough surface. The finishing result will not be smooth, moreover, you will apply natural colors which will make the result even worse.
The thing you should pay attention to is always sand in the direction of the grain and not in the opposite direction. Follow where the fiber goes.
Remove Sandpaper Dust
This part is often overlooked because for many people the sandpaper dust is only removed with a dry cloth or any cloth and ensures that the sandpaper dust is not on the surface. There are even those who remove sandpaper dust by blowing it with a mouth or a compressor.
This method is wrong, not that the sandpaper will disappear, but it will fly to all areas. Dust can be inhaled by you and will be very dangerous to your health. The correct way to remove sandpaper dust is to clean a damp cloth that has been dampened and then wrung out. The dust of the sandpaper that is exposed with a damp cloth will stick and you will not have any health problems.
Corrugated Wood Surface
The problem of corrugated wood is not only found when you sand it by hand. However, if you do not master a sanding machine, then sanding the wood using a machine will also arise.
A wood surface that is wrongly sanding will appear in a circle like a swirl. The defective surface will be very difficult to finish and the result will be very visible marks of wrong amplification. Usually, this problem often appears on wooden floors. To overcome the damaged wood residue, you have to do sanding again with a machine and also with tools. Apply according to the direction of the fiber, pressing correctly with the machine.
How To Finishing With Proper Sanding
You will get a smooth and even result if the preparation before finishing ie sanding is done well by avoiding some of the things above. However, the sanding does not stop there. Sanding between coating layers must also be considered. What's more, if you want to get a wood grain finish that looks beautiful. You probably already have wood types with the best fibers such as teak, pine, oak, etc.
Etape 1 : Don't Go On with the Bad Sanding Method, This Is the Result
As a wood worker there are many things that must be considered such as what tools are used, how to cut the right wood for the best results, how to sand the right way and also how to do the best finishing.